I just want to talk a little bit more about, a little bit ritual of taking refuge. Ritual is important I think. More and more I realize. Human beings, we need gadgets. Always had gadgets, always had, yes rituals. It’s a form of a communication. So physically we have gestures like this, prostrations. Verbally or with the speech there is a tradition of reciting the refuge prayers or supplications again and again. These are all technique, these are all methods to not fall into the habit of forgetfulness. Forgetfulness of forgetting the truth. It’s like a reminder. So much so that in all the Buddhist traditions we also have sort of refuge ceremony. You actually go to somebody and say I want to take refuge. But you are not necessary taking refuge to this person. You are taking refuge to the truth, the Dharma. And the one who taught or revealed or discovered the truth, the Buddha. And the community that believes or that accepts the same truth, the Sangha. And you do this to a person, under a person, you sort of do this ritual with a person because it will strengthen , it makes the practice of refuge in your head, emotionally it helps you feel confident that you have taken refuge. So there is concepts like refuge vow that you can take. It is like a resolution.
Outer, Inner and Secret Refuge, London 2010